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Submitted: 23 Jul 2017
Accepted: 15 Mar 2020
ePublished: 30 Mar 2020
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Int Electron J Med. 2020;9(1): 1-6.
doi: 10.34172/iejm.2020.01
  Abstract View: 212
  PDF Download: 161

Original Article

Knowledge and Behavior Among Women Referring to Health Care Institutions Screening for Breast Cancer in the South of Iran

Maryam Mazarei 1 ORCID logo, Sedighe Abedini 2 * ORCID logo, Maryam Montaseri 2

1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
*Correspondence to Sedigheh Abedini, Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran. Tel: +989177614328 Email: sabedini45@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the most widespread type of cancer of women throughout the world. The likelihood of its treatment can be increased by screening and early detection in the early stages. The present study aimed to determine the knowledge and behavior of women referred to health care institutes of Bandar Abbas regarding screening for breast cancer.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 370 women who referred to Bandar Abbas health care centers and were selected by the cluster sampling technique. A questionnaire containing demographic characteristics, knowledge assessment, and performance evaluation was used to collect the required data. The minimum and maximum scores were within the range of 0-20 and 0-7 for wise questions and performance, respectively. Finally, data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t test, along with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests using SPSS16.

Results: The mean age of women was 55.35 ± 2.27 years. In addition, 298 (80.5%) and 72 (19.4%) of them were married and single, respectively. The mean knowledge score was 12.48 ± 3.85 and the mean score was 2.9 ± 2.29 as well. Finally, there was a significant relationship between the knowledge and behavior of the subjects (P<0.001).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, regular education programs are suggested to increase women’s knowledge. Thus, their performance is hoped to increase by extending their level of knowledge.

Keywords: Knowledge, Behavior, Women, Health care, Screening, Breast cancer
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