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ePublished: 01 Jul 2014
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International Electronic Journal of Medicine. 2014;3(1): 25-38.
  Abstract View: 112
  PDF Download: 219

Review Article

Analgesia and anesthesia during IUD insertion: local anesthetics

Sedighe Forouhari 1, Zeinab Piraloo 2, Seyede-Zahra Ghaemi 3 * , Parisa Rostambeigy 4, Zahra Mohammadi 5, Forugh Mahmudi 6, Mostafa Mohammadi 7

1 Infertility Research Center, Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
3 Department of Midwifery, Estahban Branch, Islamic Azad University, Estahban, Iran.
4 Department of Nursing, Estahban Branch, Islamic Azad University, Estahban, Iran.
5 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Corresponding author: Seyede Zahra Ghaemi, Department of Nursing, Estahban branch, Islamic Azad University, Estahban, Iran, E-mail: z_ghaemi@iauestahban.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Intrauterine Device (IUD) is an effective and long term method of contraception that can be used without continued effort by the user to prevent pregnancy perfectly. Pain during IUD insertion is one of the obstacles to properly using the device. Thus, using different methods of analgesia and anesthesia to alleviate this pain has been studied by many researchers. This review article also aimed to assess different methods of analgesia and anesthesia to achieve a comprehensive result regarding the issue. The present study was a review of more than 50 articles on the methods of analgesia during IUD insertion. The articles are available in PubMed, Elsevier, and Google scholar databases. Unfortunately, no acceptable and ideal way has been found for reducing pain during IUD insertion. Although para-cervical block showed satisfactory results, more studies and clinical trials are required to be conducted in this area.
Keywords: Analgesia, Anesthesia, Intrauterine Device
Please cite this paper as: Forouhari S, Ghaemi SZ, Piraloo Z , Rostambeigy P, Mohammadi Z, Mahmudi F, et al. Analgesia and anesthesia during IUD insertion: local anesthetics. Int Elec J Med. 2014;3(1):25-38.
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