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ePublished: 01 Jun 2016
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International Electronic Journal of Medicine. 2016;5(2): 28-34.
  Abstract View: 291
  PDF Download: 151

Review Article

The relationships between religion/spirituality and Mental and Physical Health: A review

Fazilat Pour Ashouri 1, Hosein Hamadiyan 2, Mohammad Nafisi 1, Afshin Parvizpanah 2, Sepehr Rasekhi 1 *

1 Student Research Committee, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
*Corresponding author: Sepehr Rasekhi, Medical Student of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran; Email: ; Tel: +989363945856. flosep538@gmail.com

Abstract

Religion and spirituality are usually considered as protective factors against a host of negative health outcomes. Recent surveys have documented several associations between religion/spirituality and physical and mental health outcomes. Most of the evidences on the effects of religion on general health suggest that religion commonly plays a positive role. On the other side, religion and spirituality can also be pathological with harmful effects such as superficially literal, authoritarian or blindly obedient, etc. Various factors with different mechanisms influence this relationship and identification of these moderating and mediating variables is important for further decisions. Therefore, in this review, the relationships between religion/spirituality and mental and physical health are represented.
Keywords: Religion, spirituality, health, review
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