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Submitted: 10 Oct 2019
Accepted: 24 Nov 2019
ePublished: 15 Dec 2019
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Int Electron J Med. 2019;8(2): 119-123.
doi: 10.34172/iejm.2019.08
  Abstract View: 180
  PDF Download: 104

Original Article

Investigating the Relationship Between Personality Dimensions and Choice of Type of Delivery in Patients Referred to Hazrat Abolfazl Hospital in Minab County

Zahra Mohammad Alipour 1 ORCID logo, Misa Naghdipour Mirsadeghi 2, Hadi Marzban 1, Seyed Hamzeh Seddigh 3 ORCID logo, Ali Massoudifar 3 * ORCID logo

1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
3 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Ali Massoudifar, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran. Tel: +989151003882 Email: ali.massoudifar@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Human choices and decisions are highly affected by some psychological and personality traits. These psychological characteristics may also be related to the choice of delivery type. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between personality dimensions and choice of delivery type (cesarean section or normal) in pregnant women referred to Abolfazl hospital in Minab county, Iran, in 2018.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The statistical population consisted of all pregnant women referred to Abolfazl medical center in 2008 in Minab, 118 of whom were selected by convenience sampling. The NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used to collect the data.

Results: There was a significant difference in the choice of delivery type (normal and cesarean section) in pregnant women with extraversion and conscientiousness personality traits (P value <0.05). The mean extraversion and conscientiousness scores were higher in patients who tended to have a vaginal delivery than in those who had chosen cesarean section.

Conclusion: The results of the present study show that personality traits can determine the type of delivery by creating specific moods; therefore, considering the high level of complications of cesarean section (CS) and high CS rate in Iran, we can change people’s attitudes and play a role in reducing the number of CSs through long-term training.

Keywords: Type of delivery, Personality traits, Cesarean section, Neo FFI, Normal delivery
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