Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2015)                   IEJM 2015, 4(1): 32-37 | Back to browse issues page

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Pour Ashouri F, Fallahi S, Hamadiyan H, Rasekhi S. Trends in the Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with Myocardial Infarction in the South of Iran: 2008 to 2014. IEJM. 2015; 4 (1) :32-37
URL: http://iejm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-61-en.html
Student Research Committee, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (590 Views)

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Management of risk factors and the other prevention services in recent years lead to a significant decrease in AMI incidence. However, to examine the success of those strategies to control diabetes, this study aimed to identify the trends in prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients with myocardial infarction from 2008 to 2014. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in 2015 in the Shahid Mohammadi hospital of Bandar Abbas, Iran and records of 150 myocardial infarction patients hospitalized between March 2008 and March 2014 were randomly selected. A two part checklist was used to collect information from records: part one for demographic characteristics including smoking, marital status and their employment and part two for specialized data including fasting blood glucose and history of heart disease. Results: No significant oriented difference was observed in the prevalences of diabetes in the examined years. However, the prevalence of diabetes among MI patients increased for the years 2008-2010. Thereafter, a downward slope was detected in the years 2010 to 2013. Prevalence of diabetes indicated a statistically significant relationship with smoking and history of heart disorders in myocardial infarction patients (P value= 0.002, P value= 0.013 respectively). Conclusions: According to the results, we can conclude that the managements and prevention methods used to control diabetes as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, were relatively successful in recent years (2010 to 2013) and this trend was in relationship with smoking and also history of heart disease in population study.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2015/09/14 | Accepted: 2015/09/14 | Published: 2015/09/14

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